SS Chap 4

Question Answer
What are the 5 seas? Black Sea, Caspian Sea, Mediterranean Sea, Red Sea, and Persian Gulf
Where is the Black Sea on the map? Top left
Where is the Caspian Sea on the map? Top right
Where is the Mediterranean Sea on the map? Middle left
Where is the Persian Gulf on the map? Middle right
Where is the Red Sea on the map? Bottom middle
What are the mountains located in the center to the LEFT of the map called? Taurus Mountains
What are the mountains located in the center to the RIGHT of the map called? Zagros Mountains
Mesopotamia means "___________" the land between the rivers
What are the two rivers that flow through Mesopotamia called? Euphrates and Tigris
What order (left to right) do the Euphrates and Tigris river go in? Euphrates on the LEFT and Tigris on the RIGHT (E.T.)
What country today is Mesopotamia in? Iraq
Mesopotamia has good land for farming because it is located in________ the Fertile Crescent
High, elevated land in the NORTH of Mesopotamia are called__________ Plateaus
Low, flat land in the SOUTH of Mesopotamia are called_________ Plains
List 4 geographic problems that people in Mesopotamia faced,,, 1. Droughts and floods (uncontrolled water supply)2. Food shortages ( in Zagros Mountains)3. Silt (clogs irrigation canals)4. Attacks by neighbors over water
How did people of Mesopotamia solve the geographic problem of DROUGHTS AND FLOODS (UNCONTROLLED WATER SUPPLY) ? They created: 1. Irrigation canals2. Levees (for floods)3. Reservoirs (to hold water for droughts)
How did the people of Mesopotamia solve the geographic problem of FOOD SHORTAGES (IN ZAGROS MTS.)? They moved to the plains of Sumer
How did the people of Mesopotamia solve the geographic problem of SILT CLOGGING IRRIGATION CANALS? They all cooperated and worked together to maintain the canals.
How did the people of Mesopotamia solve the geographic problem of ATTACKS BY NEIGHBORS? They built: 1. walls2. made an army3. built moats
Define Sumer The first civilization (in Mesopotamia)
Define irrigation supplying land with water
Define levee an earthen dam
Define Silt fine particles in water (ex. gravel, rock, and sand)
Define city-state a city that is like it's own country (has its own king and laws)
Define reservoir A man- made lake to hold water for future use

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