Science – Cell Parts Terms – Parts of a Cell

Term Definition
Mitochondria Where energy is produced
Prokaryote No nucleus is found in cytoplasm
Eukaryote A true nucleus surrounded by a nuclear membrane
Cell Wall Give cell structure and support
Chloroplast Where photosynthesis takes place
Cell Membrane Controls what enters and leaves cell
Chlorophyll What makes plants green
Ribosome Makes protein for cell
Endoplasmic Reticulum Structure that transports materials within the cell
Cilia Short, hairlike appendage used by microorganisms for motion
Vacuole Membrane-bound cavity within a cell, often containing a watery liquid or secretion
Lysosome Organelle containing enzymes that digest particles
Golgi Body/Complex Responsible for transporting, modifying, and packaging proteins and lipids into vesicles
Flagella Whiplike structure on unicellular organisms that aid with movement
Organelle Organized or specialized structures within a living cell.

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