reese Chapter 3

Question Answer
artifact an object made by people in the past.
archaeologist a scientist who studies artifacts to learn about the past.
prehistory the period of time before people left written records.
hunter-gatherer people who hunted and gathered food, they moved around to find their food.
Dutchess Quarry Cave caves in southeastern New York, near present-day Middletown where early people lived.
heritage the history, beliefs, and customs that a group of people share.
longhouse a wooden building built by the people of the Eastern Woodlands that housed many families. Most Native Americans in New York lived in longhouses.
ancestors the people in your family who lived before you.
Iroquois Confederacy around 1570 five Iroquois groups (Cayuga, Mohawk, Oneida, Onondaga, and Seneca) formed a union and joined together for a time of Great Peace. In 1722 the Tuscarora, who came to NY from North Carolina, joined. The Iroquios Confederacy became one of the pos
confederacy a group of people who join together to help each other.
Hiawatha an Onondaga chief who lived in what became Central Ny, he met Deganawida and together they gathered the 5 tribes and convinced them to form the Iroquois Confederacy.
Deganawida a Huron who traveled to villages trying to get the Iroquois to make peace with each other. He met Hiawatha and convinced him to make peace. Together they gathered the 5 tribes and convinced them to form the Iroquois Confederacy.
clan a group of families who share the same ancestor, the Iroquois had several clans, named for animals such as wolf, turtle, and bear. A picture of the clan animal was carved above the dooray of every longhouse.
clan mother the head of each clan, they choose the council leaders.
councils a group of people who meet to talk about and solve problems.
council leaders Men respresenting each of the clans, they were chosen by the clan mothers.
Great councill every year a group of sachems meet to make important decisions for the Iroquois Confederacy.
sachems the members of the Great Council (only men could be members)
wampum a string of small polished beads, usually made from white shells sewn onto a deerskin belt in a special design. The design sometimes told a story.

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