Psych Mod 22

Question Answer
The process of getting information into the memory system. Encoding:
The retention of encoded information in memory over time. Storage
The process of getting information out of memory storage. Retrieval
The unconscious and effortless process of encoding information such as space, time, and frequency. Automatic processing
Encoding that requires attention and conscious effort. Effortful processing
The conscious repetition of information. Rehearsal:
German philosopher who conducted pioneering memory studies. Hermann Ebbinghaus
The tendency to recall the first and last items in a list more easily. Serial position effect
Encoding of meaning. Semantic encoding
A memory trick or technique. Mnemonic device
Organizing information into meaningful units. Chunking
Brief, initial coating of sensory information in the memory system. Sensory memory
The part of your memory system that contains information you are consciously aware of before it is stored more permanently or forgotten. Short-term/working memory
The relatively permanent and limitless storehouse of the memory system. Long-term memory
A vivid, clear memory of an emotionally significant moment or event. Flashbulb memory
And increase in a synapse firing efficiency that occurs when the sequence of neurons that represents a particular memory fires repeatedly; believed to be the neural basis of learning and memory. Long-term potentiation
The memory of facts and experiences. Explicit memory
The memory of skills and procedures. Implicit memory
The type of retrieval and wish you must search for information that you previously stored, as on a fill-in-the-blank test. Recall
The type of retrieval in which you must identify items you have learned earlier, as on a multiple choice test. Recognition
The enhanced ability to retrieve information when you are an environment similar to the one in which you and coded the information. Context effect
The enhanced ability to retrieve information when you are in the same physical and emotional state you were in when you encoded the information. State-dependent memory:

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