AP Psych Semester 1 Ch 10 Learning PART 2

Question Answer
continuous reinforcement reward every time the behavior is done— reinforcement following the particular behavior every time it is exhibited– best for acquisition of a new behavior
partial reinforcement reward every so often to serve as a reminder of a specific wanted behavior– occasional reinforcement— best for resistance to exstinction
intermittent schedule maintains behavior better than continuous reinforcement– reinforcing a behavior only some of the time
fixed ratio consistent reinforcement after a specific number of responses (occurrences)
fixed interval consistent reinforcement after a specific length of time
variable ratio inconsistent reinforcement after a number of responses (occurrences) that changes at random
variable interval inconsistent reinforcement after a length of time that changes at random
superstitious behavior can result from unintended reinforcement or unimportant behavior– when a behavior is accidentally reinforced or punished
contiguity model classical conditioning is based on the association in time of the conditioned stimulus prior to the unconditioned stimulus
contigency the key to classical conditioning is how the conditioned stimulus predicts the appearance of the unconditioned stimulus
Robert Rescorla
contingency model
Leon Kamin
latent learning learning in the absence of rewards
insight the sudden appearance of an answer to a solution to a problem
Wolfgang Kohler
observational learning learning that occurs by watching the behavior of a model
Albert Bandura
conditioned taste aversion
(biological) preparedness predisposition to easily learn behaviors related to survival of the species
John Garcia
Keller and Marian Breland
instinctive drift a conditioned response that moves towards the natural behavior of the organism
observational learning
behavior modification

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